Diabetes Awareness

0 Comments Posted by tcahvet in Videos and More on Saturday, November 14th, 2015.

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The month of November is dedicated to pets that suffer from diabetes, a disease that is caused due to a lack of insulin or a poor reaction to their own insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. It is needed to move glucose from the blood into cells, where it is then used for energy. There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 is a lack of production of insulin, while Type II is when there is a poor reaction to the insulin.

The most common form of the disease in dogs is Type 1, insulin-dependent diabetes, which occurs when the pancreas is incapable of producing or secreting adequate levels of insulin (because the body is hindered from making insulin due to the pets immune system destroying the insulin producing cells in the pancreas.) Dogs who have Type I diabetes require insulin therapy to survive. Therapy to treat diabetes may be common in the approach but is unique to each pets case anywhere from the beginning to the end of its life. If the pet is diagnosed due to a drastically high or low blood sugar and are rendered  extremely ill they may require observation and hospital care for several days to regulate their blood sugar. Pets that are more stable may only need oral medication to stabilize glucose levels in the blood. Once a dog has exhausted all other options insulin injections become a necessity for adequate regulation of blood glucose.  Signs and symptoms that would urge a screening or blood test include.

  • Change in appetite
  • Increase in water consumption
  • Weight loss
  • Increased urination
  • Lethargy
  • Dehydration
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Vomiting
  • Cataract formation, blindness

Ways to prevent diabetes or keep those that have it alive and healthy for as long as possible are such: a proper diet and regular exercise. Both of these things can be very effective preventing diabetes in older dogs. (Aside from other negative health effects, obesity is known to contribute to an ability to respond normally to insulin.)

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